connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.

Author: Dizuru Shakaktilar
Country: Reunion
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Politics
Published (Last): 23 October 2016
Pages: 203
PDF File Size: 12.34 Mb
ePub File Size: 18.97 Mb
ISBN: 193-8-90001-789-8
Downloads: 45899
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Jucage

He is of the view that this method is suitable only if qualities of the voters are also assessed. Al-Mawardi says that the main function of the Wazir is to get the decrees of the Imam executed and he should be the main official channel of information for him.

Pollitical election of a less qualified person in the presence of a more qualified person is perfectly legal, provided the former fulfils all the conditions of the Imamate. The people can set up any form of the government conforming to the above two principles and with the exigencies of time and environment. He wrote mostly on law and politics.

Al-Mawardi explains state administration in very detail.

Chapter 36: Al-Mawardi

Wahabappolitical al-Mawardi the caliphate symbolized an entire politico-religious system that regulates the lives of men in a Muslim community to the smallest detail. The Quran is very clear and definite about all fundamental problems for instance, about the articles of faith, the forms of religious worship, laws of matrimony and inheritance, distribution of booty of war, prohibition of interest, rights and obligations of husband and wife etc.

The Muslim jurists are of the opinion that the institution of the Caliphate is not necessitated by a clear injunction in the Quran but by theoey consensus of opinion, it is obvious that the matter is left to the discretion and judgment of the Muslim community.


The appointment of an Imam polotical the consensus of the Muslim community is obligatory.

Political science: Al-Mawardi

This is followed by the allegiance of the people to be loyal to the new Imam. He cannot interfere in the affairs like appointment of the governors and in military expeditions. The existence of two Imams contemporaneously is illegal. But the second has had a profound bearing on the course of Muslim history.

Sometimes subordinates are to use name of their senior and people are deceived. There was no idea of absolute caliphate. These principles are as follows: Sunday, February 20, Although Al-Mawardi was not a political philosopher and he did not the basics of the constitution but his theory of caliphate is of prime importance. When a friend asked why he kept his books back he replied that it was because he felt that his motives in writing them were not as pure as he should have wished and that he did not know whether Allah the Almighty had accepted these literary offerings or not.

If the minister delegation resigns, theoory rest of the ministers shall be considered as removed. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.

Appointed as the chief judge over several districts polltical Nishapur in Iranand Baghdad itself, al-Mawardi also served as a diplomat for the Abbasid caliphs al-Qa’im and al-Qadir in negotiations with the Buyid emirs.

He discards tyrannical attitude of theiry sovereign. A person who as no knowledge of Islam and who has no command in fiqa, is not true and effective imam. The moral change is of two kinds: Apparently, the citation of this incident in support of a fundamental issue, like that of the Caliphate, is but fake reasoning.

  IFM SR0150 PDF

The only sad thing about this was that it was too short-lived and that it could not get time for proper growth and consolidation. The safeguard and defence of the established principles of religion as understood and propounded by the consensus of ancient authorities. If there is only a small stigma in the character of the candidate, it pollutes purity of human conscience.

The institution of Caliphate represents the mission of Hazrat Muhammad P. He must also be a descendant of the Quraish. Although the structure of the Caliphate was brutally shaken during the regime of Hazrat Usman R. The same cannot be said of another personality after him in the Muslim history. Moreover, he assembled his ideas in writing; therefore his book Al-Ahkam at-Sultaniyah became a standard work of reference on political and administrative practices.

The right of franchise is not enjoyed only by the people in the capital. The nomination of a person as heir apparent becomes effective only when he declares his consent to it. The recruitment or establishment department is to appoint state employees, to make their removal, transfer and promotion policies. There is no precedent in Islamic history when an Imam was deposed from office by legal and proper means. In certain cases when the loss of organs renders a person helpless and makes him incapable of doing anything, he can neither be elected as Imam nor can he continue in that office.

Powers and position of minister execution is not of prime; significance.