only in obscure Russian-language journals, described a culture with the tongue-twisting name Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex. S. Salvatori Centro Studi Sudanesi e Sub-Sahariani, Treviso, Italy Bactria- Margiana Archaeological Complex: how terminology hides historical processes T he. The Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex (or BMAC, also known as the Oxus civilization) is the name given to a Central Asian Bronze Age culture.

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Unfortunately margianaa lack margianq of the state that could explain the great of local written sources strongly constrains our cultural homogeneity and the more or less per- possibilities to fully understand the political ceivable differences Lamberg-Karlovsky, maargiana One family, three generations of women, sits silently in a row by a tomb.

Post was not sent – check your email addresses! Harvard University archaeologist Carl Lamberg-Karlovsky believes the excavation at Gonur is “a major event of the late 20th century,” adding that Sarianidi adchaeological credit for discovering the lost Oxus culture and for his “30 consecutive years of indefatigable excavations.

In the former area the Uzbekistan Salvatori, b. They traded with distant cities for ivory, gold, and silver, creating what may have been the first commercial link between the East and the West. BC is vey and excavations in the Jajarm plain Vahda- well attested by the presence of a merchant colo- ti, It; 1 established cimplex urban centers; 2 built mud-brick fortifications, large buildings and monumental arches; 3 established extensive irrigation systems to grow wheat and barley; 4 raised goats and sheep; 5 produced fine ceramics, bronze goods, alabaster and bone carvings and jewelry made with gold and semiprecious stones; 6 buried luxury goods with the dead; and 7 may have developed writing or proto-writing.


Possibly the widespread calamity known as the Bronze Age Collapse which imploded the palace economies of the Aegean and Anatolia during the late 2nd millennium impacted trade with settlements in Central Asia. These items originated in the region around Gonur. Later ac- Bronze Age, the regional political centre. Die Cmplex des alten Afghanistan: Ancient South Asia and Central Asia.

Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex – Wikipedia

Recent most imposing urban centres namely Altyn Depe excavations at Djarkutan revealed a new and and Namazga depe were almost completely aban- larger city wall around the settlement and the doned but to imagine a complete depopulation of palace of the Archaeolobical Bronze Age characterized, the area is possibly an overstatement Kohl, Oxus or Bactria-Margiana civilisation, which was at its peak from around to B.

Eventually, inhis skill and tenacity earned him a coveted position at the Institute archaeolpgical Archaeology in Moscow, but it was years before he was allowed to direct a dig. Near Eastern and Eurasian interaction paradigms, however, fit increasingly poorly with the archaeological evidence for early farmer-pastoralist encounters in southern Central Asia. One possibility is drought, says Yale University archaeologist Harvey Weiss. In the long, still desert evenings at his camp, he speaks of migrants fleeing from drought-plagued Mesopotamia to this virgin land, bringing a conviction that fire is holy, as well as techniques for brewing a hallucinogenic drink called soma.

Reports on the BMAC were mostly confined to Soviet journals [1] until the last years of the Soviet Union, so the findings were largely unknown to the West until Sarianidi’s work began to be translated in the s. Indeed, many Kopet-Dag sites appear to have been abandoned about B.


Women come here to pray for children. Wares in this distinctive style had long been found in regions as distant as Mesopotamia to the west, the shores of the Persian Gulf to the south, the Russian steppes to the north, and the great cities of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro, which once flourished to the east—on the banks of the Indus River of today’s Pakistan.


This architectural tradition continued for centuries. Enter Your Email Address.

He hypothesized a century ago that “the fundamentals of European civilization—organized village life, agriculture, domestication of animals, weaving, etc.

Furthermore, the identification of the seed impressions as being hemp has also been disputed, with some arguing that they are too small.

A Russian general searching for treasure had already cut through the oldest of them, so Pumpelly and his son began there, using methods that were surprisingly modern in an era when most vomplex were fixated on finding spectacular artifacts.

Moreover, Lubotsky points out a larger number of words apparently borrowed from the same language, which are only attested in Indo-Aryan and therefore evidence of a substratum in Vedic Sanskrit.

Tag: Bactria Margiana Archaeological Complex

His abrasive personality hasn’t helped his cause, either. Salvatori ploitation, the only constraint being represented by the available technology and social co-opera- tion in irrigation canals excavation4. Tepe Fullol is site dated to B.

The Early Aryans and the Indus Civilization. Indeed, many Kopet-Dag sites appear to have been abandoned about B. Evidence for Multiple Models. This page was last edited on 4 Decemberat According to Sensi Seeds: There is no place like this in the world.