only in obscure Russian-language journals, described a culture with the tongue-twisting name Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex. S. Salvatori Centro Studi Sudanesi e Sub-Sahariani, Treviso, Italy Bactria- Margiana Archaeological Complex: how terminology hides historical processes T he. The Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex (or BMAC, also known as the Oxus civilization) is the name given to a Central Asian Bronze Age culture.

Author: Zulkim Vuktilar
Country: Uzbekistan
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Software
Published (Last): 28 March 2014
Pages: 200
PDF File Size: 2.53 Mb
ePub File Size: 11.99 Mb
ISBN: 743-5-16384-923-2
Downloads: 32209
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Vubar

Tag: Bactria Margiana Archaeological Complex

Articles with inconsistent citation formats EngvarB from December All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from July Commons category link is on Wikidata Afghanistan articles missing geocoordinate data All articles needing coordinates. This corresponds to level IV at Namazga-Depe.

I will never forget his the Bronze Age civilization of the area and its re- generosity and cordiality. Margianq this perspective, Proto-Indo-Aryan developed within the composite culture before moving south into the Indian subcontinent.

Tepe Fullol is site dated to B.

Illuminating the Black Archaeologicap His comples famous discovery there came just before the Soviet invasion in Unfortunately the lack acter of the state that could explain the great of local written sources strongly constrains our cultural homogeneity and the more or less per- possibilities to fully understand the political ceivable differences Lamberg-Karlovsky, Why the Oxus culture vanished may never be known.

It has become increasingly clear that if one wishes to argue for Indo-Iranian migrations from the steppe lands south into the historical seats of the Iranians and Indo-Aryans that these steppe cultures were transformed as they passed through a membrane of Central Asian urbanism.

Unfortunately the Middle Bronze even on a short time scale, the structural archi- Age in Bactria and its strong links with contem- tecture of social organization. Sarianidi’s excavations seem to solve the puzzle: He also observed modern cannabis plants growing in the vicinity of the temples.


So he was astonished to find pottery resembling what he had found in ancient Bactria. Later settlements like Gonur, roughly 4, years old, may have been founded by people from the Kopet-Dag cultures. The Margiana Settlement Pattern from the Sign up to be informed.

Archaeological Excavations of a L. On the Track of Uncovering a Civilisation. While they all have impressive fortification walls, gates, and buttresses, arfhaeological is not always clear why one structure is identified as a temple and another as a palace. During the Copper Age, the population of this region grew.

Western scholars subsequently used that landmark to dub the newly found culture the Oxus civilization.

Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex

That could explain why so many Oxus sites are built on virgin soil, as if carefully planned in advance. It bears five markings which are similar to Chinese “small seal” characters. The other ties in the area paid cmoplex attention to the pot- major result of this transect survey strategy was tery sequence and it is thus impossible to analyze archaaeological discovery of an ubiquitous presence of Bronze at the desirable detail the internal development Age potsherd concentrations in all the open taky- of Late Bronze Age settlement pattern.

Paris, 27 archaeloogical Mass, Geograhic Boundaries of a Historico-Cultural Region The Murghab alluvial fan in southern Turkmenistan witnessed some of the earliest encounters between sedentary farmers and mobile pastoralists from different cultural spheres. All these archaeologi- versity and complexity provides the most vivid cal efforts produced an enormous amount of and well-structured picture of a civilization that data that, though still unsatisfactory as recently still need study to be properly defined on the 6 Usually these deltaic formations are referred to as endoreic, a definition that portraits the bactia time geomorphological as- sets.

Category:Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex – Wikimedia Commons

bactrja Areas traditionally identified with farming-dependent Oxus communities and non-Oxus mobile pastoralists archasological shown, acknowledging that in both areas mixed agropastoral practices have occurred in the past and present. These items provide tantalizing hints of commercial traffic on a Silk Road predating by two millennia the trading route that eventually linked China to Europe in the early centuries A.


Indeed, during the Late Bronze all the new brought to the discovery of many new Bronze Age major settlements at the centre of the polygons sites and among them two very large settlements are fortified sites with individual storage struc- M and M His excavations revealed thick-walled structures built with regular proportions and a distinctive style of art. This may reflect the formation of two tribal groups. In both areas pottery typical of Geoksiur was in use.

Archaeological research on Tepe Altyn-Depe was a major centre even then. Graves with typical Southern Central ny at Shahdad Salvatori, Tosi, ; Salvatori, Asia Middle Bronze Age furniture have been re- b and possibly of central Iran merchants at cently excavated at Tepe Chalow Biscione, Vah- Gonur as suggested by Trans-Elamite cylinder dati, near the village of Sankhast, at about seals Amiet, ; Potts, ; Pittman, ; 45 km to the north-east of Jajarm.

He was 65 years old when he arrived. So he was astonished to find pottery resembling what he had found in ancient Bactria.

Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex – Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A stocky and robust man, he looks worn, almost frail, margiiana the twilight. Pre-proto-Iranians of Afghanistan as initia- trale. They used carts drawn by domesticated animals, and their pottery resembles the kind later found in Gonur. Oxford, Boyle K. The exact identity of the BMAC culture has yet to be fully identified due to the lack archaeologkcal written evidence at the sites excavated up to know. The desert freed Sarianidi from the repression of the Soviet Union.