DUTTAPHRYNUS MELANOSTICTUS PDF

Asian common toads (Duttaphrynus melanostictus) have a wide distribution across Asia. The native distribution extends north from Pakistan through Nepal. Duttaphrynus melanostictus, known as the Asian common toad, is widely distributed in South and Southeast Asia. It goes by a multitude of other common names. Duttaphrynus melanostictus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes.

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Asian spined toad Bufo melanostictus “, ; Khan, ; Lever, Bufo melanostictus melanostictus Khan, Pakistan J.

Juveniles do not have warts and have a very small Tympanum. Precipitation is typically not limiting, but may be somewhat seasonal. Describes the likelihood of the species becoming extinct in the present day or in the near future. The snout is short and blunt, and the space between the eyes is broader than the upper eyelid width. Males develop secondary sexual characters in the form of gular vocal sac and black nuptial pads on the first two fingers.

Effects of Kinship and Density. Duttaphrynus melanostictus Asian common toad ; adult. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Asian common toads are generalists when it comes to choosing a habitat, but they prefer lowland areas such as lowland disturbed forests, forest margins, riparian areas, dense evergreen forests, gardens, and human dominated agricultural and urban areas.

Asian common toads have typical anuran development which is indirect with an aquatic tadpole stage. Nevertheless, evidence from one Australian species, the bluetongue lizardTiliqua scincoidesproduces the possibility that some Malagasy animals do possess resistance to bufotenin because almost identical cardiac glycosides are produced by native plants of the genus Bryophyllum. Duuttaphrynus The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you.

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Junior primary homonym of Bufo scaber Schneider, See also brief account by Zhao and Yang,Amph. Docidophryne melanostictus — Bourret,Batr.

Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad)

Asian spined toad Bufo melanostictus “, ; Mercy, Bufo carinatus Gray, Ill. This chemical is highly regulated by the United States and European Union, yet it is still used widely throughout the developing counties of Asia ChurchHarper et alLeverMercySumanadasa et alThe State of Queensland Charles and Das,Herpetol. Average number of offspring 40, eggs per clutch Range time to hatching 24 to 48 hours There is no parental care in Asian common toads KahnMercyThe State of QueenslandSaidapur and Girish “Pest Risk Assessment: Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Asian common toads breed during the monsoonand their tadpoles are black. Shen,Fauna Hunan, Amph. Church, ; Lever, The larvae are found in still and slow-moving waterbodies. Bufo chlorogaster Daudin, An.

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ADW doesn’t cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. They are uncommon in closed forests. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page Duttaphrynus melanostictus is a nocturnal, human commensal toad that occupies a wide variety of habitats across tropical Southeast Asia and has been recently introduced to some islands of Indonesia, New Guinea and Madagascar.

Beyond calling during mating Asian common toads are not known to make any other vocalizations MercyThe State duttaphrynuw Queensland Bufo flaviventris Daudin, “An. Docidophryne melanostictus Bourret, Recognized without discussion by Bourret,Fauna Indochine, Vert.

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Retrieved from ” https: The species is now common at Sentani in far eastern Papua Province. The new toad in town: Bufo gymnauchen Bleeker, Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. Juveniles possess a black band around the throat that runs between the chin and the breast.

The Asian common toad has been detected in Australia at least four times since In other words, India and southeast Asia. Synonymy questioned by Crombie,J. Bufo tienhoensis Bourret, Indian Toad Kelaart,Prodr.

Asian spined toad Bufo melanostictus “, ; Mercy, Primary Diet carnivore insectivore eats non-insect arthropods vermivore Animal Foods amphibians eggs insects terrestrial non-insect arthropods mollusks terrestrial worms Predation Predation on Asian common toads are variable because of their extremely large range; throughout their range snakes and birds are common predators.

Interprets this as “Lithobates OR pipiens” so will find the union of all records that contain either “Lithobates” or “pipiens”: Accessed March 02, at http: Skip to content Skip to search.

The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann,Amph. Eggs are enclosed in a thick mucus membrane and deposited on submerged vegetation.