DUTTAPHRYNUS MELANOSTICTUS PDF

Asian common toads (Duttaphrynus melanostictus) have a wide distribution across Asia. The native distribution extends north from Pakistan through Nepal. Duttaphrynus melanostictus, known as the Asian common toad, is widely distributed in South and Southeast Asia. It goes by a multitude of other common names. Duttaphrynus melanostictus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes.

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Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Schneider, ) | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

These toads have few natural predators; although they have been known to be preyed upon by snakes and birds. Provisionally allocated to the Bufo stomaticus group by Dubois and Ohler,J. Youmans and Wood,Herpetol. Caucase Georgie Perse, Zool. These toxins would beyond reasonable doubt severely affect native predators, such as snakes, goannas [21] and quolls. Rana dubia Shaw,Gen. Synonymy by Girard,U. Asian common toads Duttaphrynus melanostictus have a wide distribution across Asia.

Head small, wide and with canthal, preorbital, supraorbital, postorbital and a short supra-tympanic bony ridges. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in duttsphrynus accounts.

Duttaphrynus melanostictus Schneider, Class: Maharashtra Stream Toad Ansonia kamblei: Accessed February 17, at http: This chemical is highly regulated by the United Dutaphrynus and European Union, yet it is still used widely throughout the developing counties of Asia ChurchHarper et alLeverMercySumanadasa et alThe State of Queensland Butterflies have complete metamorphosis, grasshoppers have incomplete metamorphosis.

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Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: The top of the head has several bony ridges, along the edge of the snout canthal ridgein front of the eye preorbitalabove the eye supraorbitalbehind the eye postorbitaland a short one between the eye and ear orbitotympanic. Synonymy by Stoliczka,J. Uses and Management Uses and Management.

Asian spined toad Bufo melanostictus “, ; Mercy, Primary Diet carnivore insectivore eats non-insect arthropods vermivore Animal Foods amphibians eggs insects duftaphrynus non-insect arthropods mollusks terrestrial worms Predation Melqnostictus on Asian common toads are variable because of their extremely large range; throughout their range snakes and birds are common predators.

Common Sunda Toad. Bufo camortensis Mansukhani and Sarkar,Bull.

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Asian spined toad Bufo melanostictus “, ; Church, ; Harper, et al. The Invasion of Bali by Bufo melanostictus. Shen,Fauna Hunan, Amph. Datasheet Duttaphrynus melanostictus Asian common toad.

The toads are slow moving and fairly timid. House Toad Nutphund,Amph. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Juveniles possess a black band around the throat that runs between the chin and the breast.

Describes reproductive physiology and behavior, including mating and life history variables. Bufo tienhoensis Bourret,Annexe Bull. Asian spined toad Bufo melanostictus “, ; Keomany, et al.

The frog was nocturnal, but frequently also found in active state during day. Indirana chiravasi, a new species of leaping frog is described from the northern Western Ghats arou Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3.

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Snout-vent length of males ranges from 57 to 83 mm and females range between 65 and 85 mm. Natural History Natural History Reproduction. Thus, mating for males is duttaphrymus seasonally dependent in areas that are continuously moist. Ansonia kamblei Ravichandran and Pillai, The female will lay a long string of black eggs, which are externally fertilized by the male.

Effects of Kinship and Density”. See Inger,Fieldiana, Zool. The skin of the dorsal surface rough and bears prominent glandular warts of various shapes and sizes, with horny layer on the top. A warty tubercle is found just before the junction cuttaphrynus the thigh and shank subarticular tubercle and two moderate ones are on the shank metatarsus.

The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Fei and Ye,Amph. The dorsal melanostuctus is yellowish or brownish and the spines and ridges are black. Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Records. The portal will be unavailable all day on Sunday 23rd Dec for maintenance. Dorsal surface brown to yellow-brown with black spots in some.