Cerebral edema is excess accumulation of fluid (edema) in the intracellular or extracellular spaces of the brain. Contents. 1 Signs and symptoms; 2 Causes. El edema cerebral subyacente en esta patología puede ser de varios tipos: citotóxico, vasogénico, intersticial o hidrostático. El aumento de la presión. Aumento patológico de la cantidad de agua en el cerebro con incremento del volumen del parénquima cerebral. Vasogénico Citotóxico.

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As cells swell due to inward shift of water, the there is a commensurate decrease citotkxico diffusion, identified as high signal on DWI and low signal on ADC.

Thank you for updating your details. Plasma can be diluted by several mechanisms, including excessive water intake or hyponatremiasyndrome of vasoggenico antidiuretic hormone secretion SIADHhemodialysisor rapid reduction of blood glucose in hyper osmolar hyperglycemic state HHSformerly known as hyperosmolar non-ketotic acidosis HONK.

Radiology full text – doi: About Blog Go ad-free. The changes colloquially ascribed to ‘cytotoxic edema’ are in fact mostly due to ionic edema and are described separately. This type of edema may result from trauma, tumors, focal inflammation, late stages of cerebral ischemia and hypertensive encephalopathy.

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DWI changes Case 1: Synonyms or Alternate Spellings: As water enters white matter, it moves extracellularly along fiber tracts and can also affect the gray matter. Unable to process the form. Vasogenic cerebral edema Neuro and Dr Ayush Goel et al. Subtypes of vasogenic edema include:.

In true isolated cytotoxic edema little change is evident on CT as a mere redistribution of water from extracellular to intracellular compartments does not result in attenuation changes. Insomnia Hypersomnia Sleep apnea Obstructive Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome Narcolepsy Cataplexy Kleine—Levin Circadian rhythm sleep disorder Advanced sleep phase disorder Delayed sleep phase disorder Nonhour sleep—wake disorder Jet lag.


As the pathophysiology of these two types of edema is different, as is their imaging, they are discussed separately. Diffusion-weighted imaging shows cytotoxic and vasogenic edema in eclampsia. In cytotoxic edema, the blood—brain barrier remains intact but a disruption in cellular metabolism impairs functioning of the sodium and potassium pump in the glial cell membrane, leading to cellular retention of sodium and water.

Involvement of the glucocorticoid receptor and vascular permeability factor”. CT sign of brain swelling without concomitant parenchymal hypoattenuation: You can also scroll through stacks with your mouse wheel or the keyboard arrow keys. Steroids are not beneficial in the treatment of cytotoxic edema secondary to stroke, and may, in fact, be harmful in cytotoxic edema from trauma 7. Check for errors and try again. Degenerative SA Friedreich’s ataxia Ataxia-telangiectasia.

The term is frequently used in clinical practice to denote the combination of both true cytotoxic cellular edema as well as ionic cerebral edema.

Cerebral edema – Wikipedia

Symptoms include nauseavomitingblurred visionfaintnessand in severe cases, seizures and coma. Thrombus Thrombosis Renal vein thrombosis. Vasogenic cerebral edema Vasogenic edema Vasogenic brain oedema Vasogenic brain edema. Cytotoxic edema is seen with various vazogenico, including dinitrophenoltriethyltin, hexachloropheneand isoniazid.

As is the case with CT, the changes colloquially ascribed to ‘cytotoxic edema’ are in fact mostly due to edeema edema and are described separately.

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This creates an abnormal pressure gradient and movement of water into the brain, which can cause progressive cerebral edema, resulting in a spectrum of signs and symptoms from headache and ataxia to seizures and coma. You can also scroll through stacks with your mouse wheel or the keyboard arrow keys.

It is an extracellular edema which mainly affects the white matter via leakage of fluid from capillaries. Once plasma constituents cross the barrier, rdema edema spreads; this may be quite rapid and extensive.


Cerebral edema

Infobox medical condition new Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers. Journal of Clinical Investigation. Plasma dilution decreases serum osmolality, resulting in a higher osmolality in the brain compared to the serum.

Radiographic features CT grey-white matter differentiation is maintained and the edema involves mainly white matter, extending in finger-like fashion secondary effects of vasogenic edema are similar to cytotoxic edema, with effacement of cerebral sulciwith or without midline shift MRI hyperintense T2 and FLAIR signals, which do not show restricted diffusion 2 cf. Unable to process the form. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Many studies of the mechanical properties of brain edema were conducted in the s, most of them based on finite element analysis FEAa widely used numerical method in solid mechanics.

Vasogenic cerebral oedema | Radiology Reference Article |

This intracellular edema mainly ciyotoxico grey matter but also involves the white matter as astrocytes are also involved. Brain ischemia Ischaemic heart disease large intestine: Vasogenco for errors and try again. This allows intravascular proteins and fluid to penetrate into the parenchymal extracellular space. During an ischemic strokea lack of oxygen and glucose leads to a breakdown of the sodium-calcium pumps on brain cell membranes, which in turn results in a massive buildup of sodium and calcium intracellularly.

Encephalomyelitis Acute disseminated Myalgic Meningoencephalitis.

This results in trans-ependymal flow of CSF, causing CSF to penetrate the brain and spread to the extracellular spaces and the white matter.