Wikipedia. Instance of, disease, Designated intractable/rare diseases. Subclass of, hair disease, metal metabolism disorder. Menkes disease (MNK), also known as Menkes syndrome, is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by mutations in genes coding for the copper-transport . A number sign (#) is used with this entry because of evidence that Menkes disease is caused by mutation in the gene encoding Cu(2+)-transporting ATPase .

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It was subsequently treated with a peripheral alpha-adrenergic agonist, midodrine, in combination with fludrocortisone. A bonus to all MIMmatch users is the option to sign up for updates on new gene-phenotype relationships. Neurological examination revealed a hypoactive baby, without social grinning, who could enfermddad maintain visual contact nor follow objects, with compromised sucking reflex. Copper histidinate therapy in Menkes’ disease: In support of this hypothesis, Kelly and Palmiter found that cell lines derived from metallothionein deficient, Mottled embryos were very sensitive to copper toxicity.

Vitamin C treatment in Menkes’ disease: They also stated that MT probably protects against hepatic copper toxicity in Wilson disease and the LEC rat model in which a similar copper effluxer, ATP7Bis defective, because MT accumulates to high levels in the liver in those diseases.

Category:Menkes disease – Wikimedia Commons

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Isolation of a candidate gene for Menkes disease that encodes a potential heavy metal menkss protein.

Occipital horn syndrome sometimes called X-linked cutis laxa or Ehlers-Danlos type 9 [9] is a mild form of Menkes syndrome that begins in early to middle childhood. Hunter syndrome Purine—pyrimidine metabolism: Rather extensive biochemical investigations showed elevated plasma glutamic acid as the only consistent abnormality. Late-onset treatment in Menkes disease: By immunofluorescence, they showed that the full-length recombinant Menkes protein, the isoform that is not expressed in the occipital horn syndrome, localizes to the Golgi apparatus, whereas the alternatively spliced form, which lacks sequences for transmembrane domains 3 and 4 encoded by exon ebfermedad and is expressed enfermedaad the occipital horn syndrome, localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum.


Congenital menked syndrome with and without steely hair: Microscopically it showed twisting, varying diameter along the length of the shaft, and often fractures of the shaft at regular intervals. Linkage studies in 5 Dutch families suggested close situation of the Menkes locus and the centromere recombination fraction 0.

No adverse effects of pamidronate treatment were noted. They also presented Western blot data for the normal gene product in tissues.

The similarities in biochemical findings between type IX Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and Menkes syndrome may indicate allelism. Severe atrophy and subdural and epidural collections are the end-stage abnormalities found late in the evolution of the disease, such as in our case.

Localization of the Menkes gene to the long arm of the X-chromosome. Effects of Deficiency and Overload”. Received 19 Enfermedareceived in final form 8 August A genetic counselor may have useful advice. Abnormalities of copper accumulation in cell lines established from nine different alleles of mottled are the same as those found in Menkes disease. The clinical features result from the dysfunction of several copper-dependent enzymes.

Jayawant et al reported a rapidly progressive and unfavorable evolution with drug-resistant seizures and status epilepticus Clinical manifestations and treatment of Enfefmedad disease and its variants.

Menkes disease

Histochemical staining showed that copper was distributed uniformly throughout the cytoplasm in both cell types, this location being consistent with accumulation in metallothionein. They concluded that the most likely location of MNK is Xqq They estimated the mutation rate for Menkes disease to be 1.

Clinical diagnosis can be confirmed by quantifying enfermwdad and urinary levels of copper, serum ceruloplasmin level and genetic study 5. The protein has the characteristics of a copper binding protein. Central nervous system involvement and generalized muscular atrophy in occipital horn syndrome: No pili torti were found in one case and very few 2 in 1, in a second.


Localization of the translocation breakpoint in a female with Menkes syndrome to Xq A mild form of Menkes steely hair syndrome. Bray observed 2 brothers who died as infants with spastic dementia, seizures, and defective hair. The chromosomal band associated with the X-inactivation center XIC; was enfermeedad, in this patient, on the proximal long arm of the rearranged X chromosome, in line with the location of XIC proximal to MNK.

De Bie et al. An unresolved question concerned the severity of the disease in each case. Severe neurologic impairment began within a month or two of birth and progressed rapidly to decerebration.

Category:Menkes disease

Signs and symptoms appear during infancy, typically after ce two- to three-month period of normal or slightly slowed development that is followed by a loss of early developmental skills and subsequent developmental delay.

Ascorbic acid oxidase is copper-dependent. The protein is normally found in the Golgi apparatus, which is important for modifying proteins, including enzymes. Mandelstam SA, Fisher R. Skin biopsy specimens from one E-D IX patient showed the same abnormalities in lysyl oxidase activity and collagen extractability.

The investigation disclosed pilli torti and thrycorrexis nodosa in the hair, low serum levels of both copper and ceruloplasmin, brain magnetic resonance study showed atrophy and white matter hypointensities on T1-weighted images, electroencephalogram reveals moderate background activity disorganization and epileptiform activity, and muscle biopsy with type 2 fiber atrophy.