The Nassau grouper (Epinephelus striatus) is one of the large number of perciform fishes in the family Serranidae commonly referred to as groupers. It is the. Overall body color of Epinephelus striatus varies from tawny to pinkish red, with five dark vertical bars. The third and fourth bars branch above. Epinephelus striatus. These large, oblong fish can change both color and gender , and live at the rocky reef bottom of tropical Western Atlantic.

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This coloration may signify aggression and reception to spawning. Other countries in the area however, have been slow to introduce protection measures and extensive lobbying continues 1.

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants: Habitat This grouper is common on offshore rocky bottoms and coral reefs throughout the Caribbean region. Adults are generally solitary, with the exception of spawning events when hundreds to thousands of individuals were known to group together. The benifits of a marine fishery reserve for Nassau grouper Epinephelus striatus in the central Bahamas.

This clever fish patiently waits in hiding, utilizing its ability to camouflage, until it pounces on its prey.

Plankton Aquatic organisms that drift with water movements; may be either phytoplankton plantsor zooplankton animals. Extant Epinephelinae species Groupers. More commonly, this grouper reaches a length of feet. Conservation Status Nassau grouper up-close.

These large groupers have a robust, oblong strriatus the background colour varies from light buff to pinkish red, depending on depth 4. Proceedings of the 60th Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, Variola albimarginata Variola louti.

Most males and females display a bicolored pattern during spawning. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends.


Groupers are frequent visitors to wrasse cleaning stations. Heavily fished and vulnerable to overfishing, particularly when migrating or aggregating to spawn Ref. Many conservation methods have been put in place to help the grouper, including closed seasons, when fishing is not allowed. While this is often observed in relation to aggression during spawning, this behavior is not reserved to spawning.

In captive populations, maturity occurs much sooner, which has been attributed to more abundant food sources and less environmental stress. As age and size increase, so do the preferred prey size. Nassau grouper habitat Nassau groupers are found in shallow waters up to 90 metres deep, associated with reef or rocky substrate 4.

The bases of the soft dorsal and anal fins are covered with scales and skin. Courtship behavior includes vertical spirals, short vertical runs followed by crowding together and rapid dispersal, and horizontal runs near the bottom. Nassau groupers are most commonly found in shallow water reefs, both natural and artificial.

Usually close to caves Ref. The Nassau grouper Epinephelus striatus is one of the larger reef fish and one that has suffered a dramatic decline during the 20th Century, primarily as a result of overfishing 3.

Sounds Ciguatera Speed Swim. Epinephelus striatus Nassau grouper Also: Ecotourism implies that there are epinehelus programs that profit from the appreciation of natural areas or animals. Fishing regulations for south Atlantic federal waters. Marine Ecology Progress Series Nassau groupers prey on a variety of marine invertebrates and fish.

Some primary males found recently Ref. Government of Belize, Fisheries Department.

Human uses

There is a white strjatus that reaches from the snout, past the eye towards the dorsal fin. This includes Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands, and all of the North American as far south as the highlands of central Mexico. Dentition Groupers have several sets of strong, slender teeth that act as raspers.


Range time to hatching 23 to 48 hours Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity female 2 to 7 years Average age at sexual or reproductive maturity female 5 years Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity male 2 to 7 years Average age at sexual or reproductive maturity male 5 years Nassau groupers do not invest energy in their offspring post-fertilization.

Summary page Point data Common names Photos. Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

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White marlin Kajikia albida. By opening its mouth and dilating the gill covers to stristus water in, groupers generally engulf their prey hole in one quick motion.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

This page was last edited on 26 Decemberat AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival. Entered by Luna, Susan M. It is solitary and mainly diurnal; but may sometimes form schools. Other language common names are cherna Spanishcherna criolla Striwtusgranik siodlasky Polishjacob peper Dutchjocupepu Papiamentomero Spanishmero gallina Spanishmerou raye Frenchnagul Frenchnegue, epinephlus Frenchvieille French epinepbelus, yakupepu Papiamento.

A tuning fork-shaped mark is located on the forehead. Reproduction The Nassau grouper forms large spawning aggregations from a few dozen to overindividuals. Yellowedge grouper Hyporthodus flavolimbatus. Which species are on the road to recovery?

The sandbar shark Carcharhinus plumbeus and the great hammerhead shark Sphyrna mokarran are also known to feed on groupers.