Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective that focuses on the management of everyday life. Erving Goffman is credited as being one of the chief proponents. Erving Goffman (–) developed a dramaturgical theory of the self and society inspired by Mead’s basic conception of social interaction. In the selection . For Erving Goffman (–), arguably the most original For Goffman, the subject matter of dramaturgical sociology is the creation, main-.

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People engage in “back stage” behaviors when no audience is present. In a dramaturgical model, social interaction is analyzed in terms of how people live goffmn lives like actors performing on a stage.

Dramaturgy (sociology)

Manner refers to the way an actor conducts themselves. For that, several specialized roles are created. Back stage is where performers are present but audience is not, and the performers can step out of character without fear of disrupting the performance. Dramaturgy has also been applied to the emerging interdisciplinary domain of scholarly research known as technoself studies; which deals with human identity in a technological society.

Setting is the scene that must be present in order for the actor to perform; if it is gone, the actor cannot perform. At his home, however, there may be more paintings and art displayed rather than books that reflect his real passion for art. Goffman’s definition of backstage from his book The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life states that the back stage is where “the performer can relax; he can drop his front, forgo speaking in his lines, and step out of character” Outside, or off-stage, is the place where individuals are not involved in the performance although they may not be aware of it.

For example, maintaining eye contact while talking and choosing from a range of available facial expressions. An essay on the organization of experience. Therefore, we are expected to put on a costume and act different when in front of the audience. The border phenomenon is highlighted by Victor Turner’s liminality -concept, and thus prolonged in the imaginable field: The management of thresholds may be operated on several axes; the most crude is exclusion-inclusion, similar to the basic digital on-off 1 — 0 ; to be a part or not may be seen as the fundamental asset in a society; but as far society is perceived as a rhizomatic conglomerate; rather such than a unitary, or arborescent whole; border-control, so to speak, becomes in a paradoxical fashion the central issue.


For example, a couple may have a fight, where they raise their voices and call each other names. Peter Lang Publishing Inc. Making eye contact and smiling as we compliment someone reinforces what we say.


This is a competition of power, a prime example of dramaturgy. Taste and Audience in Fashion Blogging. Their main avenue of concern for him or her is “customer service”.

There are three stages: Toward a Paradigmatic Synthesis.

In his book The Presentation of Self in Everyday LifeGoffman defines front as “that part of the individual’s performance which regularly functions in a general and fixed fashion we define the situation for those who observe the performance.

The goal of drmaaturgy performance is to make an audience, who are the observers of the performance, to believe in what is being enacted. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Feedback helps validate the various claims. A status is like a part in a play, and a role serves as a script, supplying dialogue and action for the characters. Text and Readings First ed. It is likely that he or she does things in the kitchen that might seem unseemly in front of customers.

Rites of passage seem to reflect this as the enactments of exclusion, and dissociation seem to be an essential feature of such. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Conversation Analysis Previous post: Personal front consists of items or equipment needed in order to perform.


In addition, there are examples of how the audience for any personal performance plays a part in determining the course it takes: Research on this is best done through fieldwork such as participant observation.

The actor knows he or she is being watched and acts accordingly. Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective that voffman on the management of everyday life.

Goffman makes an important distinction between “front stage” and “back stage” behavior. The theory was designed for total institutions and some believe that theories should not be applied where they have not been tested. Webarchive template wayback links Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December It helps establish a scene.

Benford and Scott A. This concept can be gofman in the film Waiting.

Dramaturgy (sociology) – Wikipedia

Views Read Edit View history. Likewise, in life also, there are two regions, each with its own set of behavioural norms. Specific performances may be given when the audience is segmented as goffmzn.

It has been argued that dramaturgy should only be applied in instances that involve people associated with a total institution.

Interpersonal Communication Skills in Workplace. Normal life is compared to a play on stage and humans are the actors in the play of life. Many performances need to prevent the audience from getting some information secrets. A company may put out an ad that shows people from different countries in order to create an impression that they have a global customer base. It is termed as the “fully two-sided view of human interaction”. Goffman noticed this habit eving society and developed the idea of front stage.