Our guest this week is Swiss historian Dr. Daniele Ganser, author of the seminal book NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism. Buy NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe (Contemporary Security Studies) 1 by Ganser Daniele (ISBN: ). For the first time in this book, Daniele Ganser has brought together the full story of the networks the Italians came to call ‘Gladio’. This is a significant and.
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Vincent Carl rated it it was amazing Mar 24, Among the reasons why Adolf Hitler was not stopped very early ranged this one he essentially had the right enemy: Defense of Europe from invasion by Warsaw Pact.
As the details of the operation emerged, the press tladio that the ‘story seems straight from the pages of a political thriller’.
Some of the stolen weapons, including hand grenades and machine guns, later turned up when police officials arrested criminals John Mieremet and Sam Klepper in It was blamed on Italian communists as part of a campaign to manipulate Italian politics and move the country’s political culture to the right. They had no voting rights and were from the CIA headquarters of the capital in which the meeting took place The intelligence services made an effort to establish distinct networks for spying on the occupiers, that is espionage, and for sabotage, or subverting an enemy occupation.
Instead, in country after country we find the same groups of individuals or cells originally activated for the wartime function beginning to ganxer their strength in peacetime political processes.
Inthe police discovered an arms cache and radio equipment at a mountain cabin and arrested Hans Otto Meyer, a businessman accused of being involved in selling illegal alcohol.
NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe
Commentators insisted that ‘with this mysterious Parallel SID, conjured up to head off an impossible coup by the left, we have seriously risked making a coup d’etat by the right possible While the topic is very interesting and author seemed to do decent ammount of research the main flaw of the book is that it doesn’t rely on primary sources.
To many it was the physical proof of how closely the entire government was involved in the dirty war of the Counter-Guerrilla, and thousands protested against the ‘Susurluk state’ and demanded that the country be cleansed ‘from the gangs’. We installed communication centres in ganzer regions of Austria”, confirming that “special units were trained in the use of weapons and plastic explosives”.
This tactic of targeting specific seats to give control to the DCI rather than going for a complete sweep was successful in all but two of the two hundred plus seats selected. And the commission itself, made up of the competing political parties from the Italian left and the Italian right, was split on what exactly the historical truth in Italy was, yladio disagreed on how many of its sensitive findings should be presented to the public.
Operation Gladio – Wikipedia
For more than a decade the Italian population believed that the Red Brigades had committed the Peteano terrorist attack. Kennedy’s assassination followed a period of leftist political success in Italy and a secret, right-wing, CIA-controlled subversion campaign. Cossiga stepped down from the Presidency in April three months before his term expired. By approximately forty different covert action projects were under way in one central European country alone.
The network was armed with explosives, machine guns and high-tech communication equipment hidden in underground bunkers and secret arms caches in forests gnaser mountain meadows. Partisan warfare has taught that in case of doubt first you shoot, and glaido you go and see who lies on the ground.
Inspecting the abandoned Fiatone of the Carabinieri had opened the hood of the car that triggered the bomb. Den USA sicherlich nicht. They had a cache of further equipment for signalling helicopters or submarines to drop special agents who were to stay in the partisan’s homes while mounting sabotage operations against the communists.
In numerous countries, from the 40s to the 90s, such as Belgium, Italy, France, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Turkey, these right-wing Trojan Horse forces controlled mainly by the United States, engaged in massacres, torture, multiple coups ganaer, and other violence. The troops were to be deployed ‘into those zones of the peninsula which are controlled by the government as a demonstration of force’.
NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe by Daniele Ganser
See “history” section in the “Presentation” part. Whereupon journalist Richard Norton Taylor, British producer of ‘The Unleashing of Evil’ and prominent reporter during the Gladio scandal two years later, concluded that torture is ‘more pervasive and a little closer to ourselves than we like to think’.
Among them CIA’s Operation Phoenix devoted to the destruction of the Vietcong’s underground organisation and the physical liquidation of its members. The CIA and British Intelligence were particularly keen to prevent any of the numerous communist parties from getting a grip in Western Europe.
According to the FOIA law all branches of the government must be accountable to public questions concerning the legality of their actions. When European officials gansr to challenge the secret government they were hardly more successful. In FebruaryEvang met an gwnser British MI6 officer with ‘close connection with centrally placed defence and military circles’ as Evang remembered in his notes. I was chosen for this delicate task But no international support was forthcoming.
The atrocities culminated on a sunny afternoon during the Italian national holiday when on August 2, a massive explosion ripped through the waiting room of the second class at the Bologna railway station, killing 85 people in the blast and seriously injuring and maiming a further In his ‘Origins of the Cold War’, historian Denna Frank Fleming observed that many of the social changes brought about by the Russian revolution, including the radical abolition of both the Church and the landed nobility, ‘might have been accepted by the world’s conservatives in time, but the nationalisation of industry, business and the land – never’.
The United State Government’s original decision sprobably taken during the period, to sponsor, support, or collaborate with, any covert armies, networks, or other units, established to resist a possible invasion of Western Europe by Communist-dominated countries, or to conduct guerrilla activities in Western European countries should they become dominated by Communist, leftist, or Soviet-sponsored parties or regimes.