IL BENCHMARKING NELLA PUBBLICA AMMINISTRAZIONE.FILETYPE PDF

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Amministrazione.filetypr regulatory fragmentation with regard to accessibility requirements for hospitality services and websites across the EU is not only an obstacle for disabled citizens intending to travel across borders, but also for businesses that intend to provide accessible hospitality services in different Member States.

Several Member States require connection and access to the fixed network and services for users of relay services. Safeguard clauses will be used to ensure proportionality of the requirements for the companies, in particular SMEs and micro enterprises.

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

This section only covers two elements of hospitality services: Under the principle of proportionality, the content and form of EU action shall not exceed what is necessary to achieve the objectives provided for in the Treaties, and alternative options would not be capable of achieving the intended aim. There are growing numbers of websites including amministrazione.fipetype information and online booking and sometimes they are essential even to be able to access the service, given the lack of person-managed stations.

Overall, both options 3 and 4 are expected to reduce costs for industry by eliminating and preventing the fragmentation of the internal market when Member States regulate accessibility. The general objectives of this initiative are to improve the functioning of the internal market of specific accessible goods and jella, while facilitating the work for industry and serving the needs of consumers, as well as to contribute to the goals of the Europe Strategy and the European Disability Strategy Finally, the obligations of Member States under the UN Convention are also likely to further increase regulatory divergence in the area of accessibility requirements in public procurement.

Those laws do not specify accessibility and what it entails, leaving this aspect to sector-specific rules and wmministrazione.filetype increase the risk of further fragmentation at national and even lower levels. Unlike for voice communication, for real time text amministrazuone.filetype video interoperability problems remain across Member States.

Consistency with international developments, in particular focusing on the US. In this line of thinking, the EU initiative would also establish a proportionate implementation schedule, with a gradual approach. benchmarjing

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The gap between persons with disabilities and the rest of the population on employment education and poverty risk must be closed to reach the headline targets.

In contrast, the European Lift Association refers to the positive effect that common rules on accessibility have had in Europe to amministgazione.filetype market barriers: Some Member States have already extended their accessibility requirements for public sector websites to private sector websites.

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Any future EU initiative will be designed to respect fully the principle amministrazione.filteype proportionality and, in line with the approach of minimum harmonisation, the means it uses will be tailored to achieve the objective of ensuring the proper functioning of the internal market, but no more than that.

For example, EU bus legislation defines design characteristics of low platform buses to ensure their accessibility.

Furthermore it brings clarity to stakeholders about the way to implement the related policy objective. Many of these legislative acts have an internal legal market basis In this case, in line with developments in the US, the standard is organised around functional components or features of products to address the fast evolution in this sector. This will lead for example in divergent accessibility requirements related to computers, telephones, built environment, transport facilities. With respect to micro and SMEs, these effects may even be more accentuated since the cost savings resulting from the enhanced legal clarity and common EU accessibility rules would make it much easier for them to follow and respect all accessibility requirements in the EU.

Interoperability, in turn, can only be achieved at EU level; the Interoperability Directive states that “interoperability within the rail system in Community-wide scale, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States since no individual Member State is in a position to take bencumarking action needed in order to achieve such interoperability and can therefore be better achieved at Community level”.

Accessibility is a vastly misunderstood concept for the tourism sector and especially for SMEs, who have not taken full advantage of the business opportunity. The advantage of covering areas of public interest, like pubbica, in horizontal legislation relates to the coherence across sectors and consistency across legal instruments.

Economic operators, and public authorities in the area of public procurement, suffer from a lack of legal certainty, as to how exactly to cover accessibility requirements and cannot fully benefit from the size of the internal market ul of economies of scale.

Discarded policy options were: Currently, all Member States require built environment elements to be designed to be accessible for persons with disabilities but the detailed technical specifications for the accessibility requirements vary across Member States.

In addition, the European citizenship report 21 highlighted the remaining obstacles that EU citizens with disabilities face when they move within their countries or to other Member States, regarding access, among others, to the built environment, to transportation, information and a range of goods and services. Due to their obligations under the UN Convention and the benchmaeking mandatory rules on public sector websites accessibility which may be extended to private sector websites, based on the current legislative situation described in Annex 6, it is assumed that 12 Member States will have introduced technical accessibility requirements for private sector websites providing hospitality services by Levels for the provision of audio description tend to be much lower.

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These industry players have to learn several sets of rules if they want to trade cross-border within the EU, which constitutes a barrier to the smooth functioning of the neola market. The internal market issues related to these accessibility services as the equivalent of voice telephony also concerns the use of real time text and video separately or in combination with voice across Member States, whether directly on personal communications, via relay services, or, for example, when calling the European emergency number from another Member State than the one where the telephony service was contracted.

Those obligations are on the results but do not really describe the way to achieve them.

Digital terrestrial television DTT equipment includes digital decoders such as set-top boxes and iDTV integrated digital TVs and the remote control needed to use these. Target levels of broadcasting accessibility services vary between countries in both the quantities and types of broadcasting accessibility services to be provided. The differences in the impacts of those two policy options mainly relate to the degree of effectiveness, the related costs savings, and their justification in line with the principle of proportionality.

Firstly, there is a noticeable trend to include social aspects, including accessibility requirements, in national plans on strategic use of public pubblixa. In addition, eventual costs of litigation for non-compliance with the national obligations remain an issue. Alternatives to visual input and provision of visual feedback, for example, in terms of voice and flexibility, and personalisation of interfaces like alternatives to keyboards, or the use of large fonts, high resolution displays, high-contrast themes and icons, supplemented with auditory feedback and screen magnifying software, allow not only disabled persons to use computers but benefit the large majority of working age population in terms of comfort of use, thereby having an impact on productivity A future EU instrument should set common objectives and general rules, while leaving freedom to Member States to define how to achieve those objectives, pubbkica into account national circumstances.