Irvingia is a genus of African and Southeast Asian trees in the family Irvingiaceae, sometimes known by the common names wild mango, African mango, bush. Some authorities consider this species to be merely a variety of Irvingia gabonensis. Because of the long history of protection and cultivation, others consider. Irvingia wombolu. Irvingiaceae. Vermoesen. LOCAL NAMES. English (bitter bush mango). BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Irvingia wombolu is a tree to m tall.

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It belongs to the family Irvingiaceae order- Rutales a small tropical family containing two other genera Klaiedoxa, Desbordesia and the genus Irvingia which contains three species see table 1 all occurring in West and central Africa. Extraction of near home materials are usually the assignment for wwombolu the mothers and children both male and female.

He irvintia that a large quantity of Irvingia kernels are produced in the State but he never gave figures to back this conclusion up. It is adapted to a wider rainfall range than other Irvingia spp. Irvingia counts 7 species, 6 in tropical Africa and 1 in South-East Asia. Irvingia kernel is now major export produce to Europe and the USA.

This taxon has not yet been assessed. The plant is grown from seed. Irvingia wombolu is commonly preserved when clearing land for agriculture to provide shade for crops, especially cocoa and coffee irvlngia also annual crops.

Citation in scholarly articles.

Cameroon is probably the main exporter. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Technology and the Organisation of production, processing and marketing of non-timber forest products. Ladipo and FOC Nwonwu However, in some regions, including the Mamfe region of south-western Cameroon, most trees are planted especially in cocoa and coffee farms.

Standardization of this will help export promotion and the increase of financial returns to the rural farmers who collect from the forests and manually process nut extraction and sun dry for storage before marketing.


The tree has a high agroforestry potential. The examples of Enugu derived savanna and Onne High forest in Nigeria were cited. Drawability sliminess and viscosity of soups imparted by the kernels varies between kernels from different trees.

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If you have questions about a wombo,u please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Preparations mainly from the bark are used to treat hernia and yellow fever, and also as an antidote for poisoning[ ].

As it is solid at ambient temperatures it has been used as a substitute for cocoa butter[ ]. The bright yellow then black fruit is an ellipsoid drupe, slightly laterally compressed, 45 – 80mm long and 45 – 50mm wide[ ].

Irvingia Wombolu Seed Extract

The development of methods of transformation and preservation of the product will further expand its market. Estimates of production in a good year shows that overtons of Fresh fruits are collected annually from the high forest zones, from all sources and this meanstons of kernels, which are then dried to help their storage. The wood is fairly heavy. The timber is moderately difficult to saw or plane and tools should be kept sharp.

Seed – it has a very short viability of around 1 month and so should be sown as soon as it is ripe[ ]. The popularity of Irvingia kernels in the local and international markets has given it the potentials for a true commercial crop, with this resulting in more intensive collection in the forests. The present effort will definitely reduce the pressure on Nigerias natural forest trees, and the enhancement of product from the high value plantings in fields and compound farms where the resources have been tried out.


It is common to mix the two types of kernels. The shrinkage rates are high, from green to oven dry 6. Please view the copyright link for more information. Eggs are laid between the testa and cotyledons of the seed or in cracks in the cotyledons. The nutrient values are shown on table 3, for starch, protein and its amino acid content. For more information about QR Codes click here.

Trees are fire tender. Irvingia wombolu Plate Unlike the pulp of some other Irvingia spp. Chrysophyllum albidum the African star apple Dacryodes edulis the African bush pear Tetrapleura tetraptera Xylopia aethiopiaca Parkia biglobosa Pterocarpus milbraedi Pterocarpus erinaceus Baionella toxisperma Garcinia kola and Irvingia spp to mention a few.

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The tree is present in the tropical wet and dry climate zone. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 1 The leaf extract is used as a febrifuge while the kernels are used to treat diabetes. Irvingia species can be found, as earlier said, in the high forests and in transition forest area. We are currently updating this section.

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Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous, small; pedicel up to 6 mm long; sepals free, c. If well dried, it can be stored for more than a year. We need to remind ourselves here that the various non-timber forest resources NTFPs which are being addressed today were sustainally extracted from the forest by farmers in the past, when population was not as high as it is today. The grain is straight or interlocked, texture fine to medium.

Fruit an ellipsoid drupe, slightly laterally compressed, 4.