Slavery (Romanian: robie) existed on the territory of present-day Romania from before the ), Vasile Alecsandri also wrote a short story, Istoria unui Galbân (“History of a gold coin”, ), while Gheorghe . 99; ^ Mihail Kogălniceanu, wikisource:ro:Dezrobirea țiganilor, ștergerea privilegiilor boierești, emanciparea. Originea si istoria tiganilor: Cum au ajuns in Europa. Mihai Mircea, “Cu privire la originea si istoria tiganilor,” Revista de cercetari sociale, nr. 4/ I. Muraru, “Studii constitutionale,” Ed. Actam (Bucuresti, ).

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For a long time in Romania, there was no special policy directed at the Gypsies. Since they filled a gap that the state economy could not cover, the authorities in general tolerated them. It can be stated that with regard to housing, urban Gypsies benefited fully from the social benefits offered by the Communist regime. The operation was directed from the centre and implemented by the local authorities and the militia.

Slavery in Romania

Desktop version Mobile version. Initially, they were used only as smiths, gold panners and as agricultural workers, but when the principalities became more urbanized, increasingly more of them were used as domestic workers. The Romanian abolitionists debated on the future of the former slaves both before and after the laws were passed. The old occupational distinction between the Gypsies and the rest of the population disappeared, but a paucity or absence of professional training were characteristic of a large part of the Gypsy population, with all the consequences that follow from this poverty, unemployment etc.

There is no doubt that a large number of Gypsies integrated into non-Gypsy society. Even if these people are sometimes identified by others as being Gypsies or former Gypsies, they consider themselves to be Romanians, or in localities with a Hungarian population, Hungarians. The regulations attempted to sedenterize the Romas and train them till the land, encouraging them to settle on private estates.

The slaves were considered personal property of the master, [26] who was allowed to put them to work, selling them or exchanging them for other goods and the possessions of the slaves usually cattle were also at the discretion of the master.


Inthe authorities estimated the number of nomadic and semi-nomadic Gypsies to be around 65, persons.

However, the main explanation lies in the demographic behaviour of the Gypsies, which differs from that of the Iwtoria population, including the rural population, which for a number of decades has followed a modern demographic model.

A slaveowner had the power to free his slaves for good service, either during his lifetime or in his will, but these cases were rather rare. Bythere were only Aurari panning for gold in Wallachia.

Street-cleaning became an area in which Gypsies held a virtual monopoly. A freeman killing a slave was also liable for death penalty and a boyar was not allowed to kill his own slaves, but no such sentencing is attested.

Slavery in Romania – Wikipedia

In addition to holding an enslaved population tifanilor native Roma, the countries were, for a brief interval during the early 18th century, a transit route, through which the Ottoman slave merchants joined the African trade with markets within the Tsardom of Russia. The postal address of istoris institution is: Feel free to give our address: In Romania, for a long time no attempt was made to solve the specific problems faced by this population.

For three decades, until the middle of the s, the Communist regime did not pay any attention to the fate of this population as a whole, and istoia was no special policy dedicated to the Gypsies.

They have remained among the poorest in society, despite encouraging social progress. The tiganipor of the report was that the Gypsies were not integrated into society, that they possessed a retrograde mentality and a negative attitude with regard to work and life in society.

In the other communist countries, where a much more consistent, long-lasting and coherent policy existed and where much more radical measures were undertaken presupposing substantial financial efforts on the part of the State, as was the case in Hungary and Czechoslovakia, the results were the same.

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Deportarea romilor în Transnistria – Wikipedia

If a slave owned property, one would have to pay the same taxes as the free men. Being the most under-qualified social class and the least integrated into the modern economy, the Gypsies as a whole were seriously affected by the economic crisis and the reduction in social spending.


In the istoriz, as well as in some towns, they worked as tinsmiths.

In the 16th century, the duties of collecting wartime tithes and of retrieving runaways were performed by a category called globnicimany of whom were also slaves. Freemium Recommend to your library for acquisition.

The policy of the antonescu regime with regard to the gy Measures were listed in separate chapters with the following targets: Slavery was a common practice in Eastern Europe at the time see Slavery in medieval Europe. As a consequence, the slaves became peasants, continuing to istogia for their former masters or joining the nomadic Roma craftsmen and musicians.

At the same time, on a statistical level of course, the gap between the Gypsies and the rest of the population has increased. In the Byzantine Empirethey were slaves of the state and it seems the situation was the same in Bulgaria and Serbia until their social organization was destroyed by the Ottoman conquest, which would suggest that they came as slaves who had a change of “ownership”.

Their social ascension was of course not due to their ethnic origin, which in any case many denied, but rather because they came from a poor social background. Despite the good will of many abolitionists, the social integration of the former slaves was carried out only for a part of them, many of the Roma remaining outside the social organization of the Wallachian, Moldavian and later, Romanian society.

As a rule, the Gypsies became a minority in their new environments, living dispersed among the other inhabitants. On the occasion, each individual over the age of 15 was required to pay a sum of between thirty and forty piastres.

In any case, everywhere in the world, including in Western countries, the Gypsies are regarded as a problem from the point of view of their integration into modern society. Gypsies were employed particularly as day or seasonal workers. Central European University Press.