by Joël de Rosnay . Let us use the macroscope to direct a new look at nature, society, and man observes in the macroscope the organism that shelters it. May 27, Editions du Seuil, The complete book on a “The Macroscope” by Joël de Rosnay – Old but very good. Mar 30, The Macroscope: A New World of Scientific SystembyJoel de Rosnay.
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They are always expressed in quantities over periods of time. A more philosophical definition, suggested by Louis Couffignal inconsiders cybernetics as ” the art of assuring efficiency of action ” see notes. The construction of simple analogical models rapidly becomes impracticable when large numbers of variables are involved.
Sometimes we proved the grand theories of others, as when de Maupertuis and La Condamine — proved that the earth bulges at its middle, thus confirming Isaac Newton’s theory that centrifugal force opposes gravity in planetary motions. We must insist that all other disciplines live up to our standards, which are far more demanding in terms of space. In the fifties it was the return from the living organism to the machine, with the emergence of the important concepts of memory and pattern recognition, of adaptive phenomena and learning, and new advances in bionics: This book was the basis of the work of Dennis H.
The balance in the account at a given date is a state variable. Each of these concepts applies to the cell as it does to the economy, to an industrial company as it does to ecology.
To be useful, the systemic approach must be demystified; what is useful in daily life must not be reserved for a small elite. Conversely, process logic accepts contemporary knowledge about individual earth processes; synthesizes general theory; and proposes all sorts of tests, though rarely are the tests overtly spatial. One of the serious dangers of simulation results from too much freedom in the choice of variables.
Demand then decreases and the inventory level climbs. The cell, however, is in dynamic equilibrium with its environment.
Proposition 2— Any well-trained geographer or GIScientist who focuses on any popular tenet of conventional theory, emphasizes the missing spatial components, and works conscientiously can make groundbreaking discoveries in one year of elapsed time. The earth shelters the embryo of a body and the beginnings of a spirit. Ultimately, it will be essential to upgrade the scientific method. This is the meaning of Teilhard de Chardin’s famous phrase, “union differentiates.
Emergence is linked to complexity. The former type is still found in most computers today.
The Macroscope : Joel de Rosnay :
As Dennis Meadows observed, however, the only alternatives are “mental models” made from fragments of elements and intuitive thinking see notes. Theirs appeared to be “intelligent” marcoscope because they dealt with “experience” the recording of past events and predictions of the future. We can trace the old coasts at various stages and times over the pastyears and predict likely settlement sites and trade routes.
This discontinuity could lead to an escalation when one force overpowers the other. It will be essential to allow investigators to ask “stupid” questions arising from spatial evidence without penalty, as long as they truly ask and do not ioel unproven truths. This control is essential for a system to maintain itself in the course of time. At the same time, it seeks factors of integration, catalytic elements for invention and imagination.
There are flows of money salaries in dollars per monthfinished products number of cars coming off the assembly line by the day or the monthpeople number of travelers per hourinformation so many bits of information per microsecond in a computer.
Food and world population. These are eased somewhat by the overdraft privilege that banks grant to some companies. Finally, simulation is a new aid to decision making. Above all, the period was marked by the profound influence of Warren McCulloch, director of the Neuropsychiatric Institute at the University of Illinois.
The presentation is excessively dualist; it confines thought to an alternative from which it seems difficult to escape. Bernard rated it really liked it Aug 02, The state level variables indicate the accumulation of a given quantity in the course of time; they express the result of an integration. This network can assume the most diverse forms: Again, I urge, bring back geography! Starting with the European discovery of the Americas, it took about half a century to produce a decent map of their coasts and only another half-century for Abraham Ortelius to notice the fit between South America and Africa and propose they must once have been joined.
They are maintained, however, within very strict limits. Collective consciousness emerges from the simultaneous communication of men’s brains; it constitutes the noosphere see notes. It enables one to make choices among “possible futures. Will the macroscope similarly lead to scientific revolutions of its own? There are definitions of the word system other than that given at the beginning of this chapter.
A system actually has detectors and comparators that enable it to detect signals from within or without and to compare the signals to equilibrium values. Become a LibraryThing Author. The difference between flow variables and state variables is illustrated perfectly by the difference between the profit and loss statement and the balance sheet of a firm.