John Gerard: John Gerard, English herbalist, author of The Herball, or generall historie of plantes (). In Gerard went to London to become an. The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (). John Gerarde. Publisher: John Norton Year: Town: London. Complete PDF-Version of this book. Trained as a Barber-surgeon, John Gerard () divided his time working as superintendent of the gardens of William Cecil, Lord Burghley ().
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While the Spanish were the first to introduce American plants to Europe, explorers from other countries soon followed. Gentian was named in honor of King Gentius of Illyria B. The woodblocks were shipped from Antwerp to London for the purpose.
Many people believed that the mandrake root screamed as it was pulled from the ground. The town dates from Roman times, when its salt deposits were important. Bibliographic Description See collation and pagination above for further detail.
Tabor, Edward 1 January The book, itself, has a curious history. Retrieved 22 April The Herball not only introduced newly discovered plants to England, but also contributed new words to the English language to accommodate these additions.
Institute of Historical Research. In he compiled a list of the plants growing in his garden. In addition, what should be page 33 is numbered 29, and so forth, so that all pages following the 33rd page are four numbers off.
Today it contains more than …. Introduction of North American plants into European herbals”.
The Herbball of Describing: Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Gerard was born at NantwichCheshire, towards the end ofreceiving his only schooling at nearby Willastonabout two joohn away.
James and Master Huggens, keeper of the garden at Hampton Court. Both Fuchs and L’Obel were early botanists who worked empirically with plants. Jackson, Benjamin Daydoned. They were well educated, as were other members of the “Lime Street community” in the City of London.
Of the more than 1, woodcuts illustrating the book, only 16 were done by Gerard.
John Gerard – Wikipedia
Natural History in Renaissance Europe. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online ed.
Johnson, Thomased. George Baker describes this garden in his preface to the Herball as follows “all manner of strange trees, herbes, rootes, plants, floures and other such rare things, that it would make a man wonder, how one of his degree, not having the purse of a number, could ever accomplish the same”.
For many years, the herballl was considered a delicacy to be enjoyed only by the rich.
Agrimony has a long history among herbalk Anglo-Saxons as a vulnerary, or wound-healing, herb, but Gerard mentioned nothing about its application to gerball. Gerard published several texts on herbals, including the Catalogus arborum, fruticum, ac plantarum tam indigenarumwhich is said to be the gerwrd print catalogue of all the plants in a single garden, but he is best known for The Herballfirst published in Published inhis celebrated Herball, containing more than 1, species, became the first plant catalog.
Although Gerard took almost complete credit for the work, it may actually have been based on a translation of Stirpium historiae pemptades sexby the Flemish botanist Rembertus Dodoens. Above and beyond his work as an apothecary, he wrote frequently and edited and contributed to works of contemporaries.
Mixed with barley meal, rose oil, and vinegar, basil juice was also used as an anti-inflammatory and as an antidote for snakebites. Gerard heball superintendent of the gardens of William Ceciladvisor to Queen Elizabeth. A chapter in the history of botany, — 2nd ed.
The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (1597)
Wikisource has original works written by or about: The root of the mandrake has a peculiar shape, sometimes resembling human legs gerar arms, or even a complete body. To this day Yucca bears the name Gerard gave it. Sick and disgruntled, Raleigh ordered his gardeners to dig up the plants and throw them away.
Thompson, Roger July The completed book appears to incorporate much of Priest’s work, together with his own completion of the text in the form of annotations from his own garden and for the first time, some North American plants. For example, the herb which produces the deathlike sleep of Juliet or Cymbeline may refer to nightshadeMandragora or Doronicumall of them listed and described in the Herball.
Agnes Arber recounts a story of a man born in that in his childhood there was a woman who used the Herball for treating the ailments of her neighbours. As Europe’s most renown botanist, there must have been some consternation at not having been informed sooner about a plant so common by then that it was being fed to pigs.
This became popular, and he received gifts of seeds and plants from around the world. For example, he wrote of the entry on the saffron crocus”Our author in this chapter was of many minds.