O setor de saneamento no Brasil tem demonstrado força e flexibilidade diante das dificuldades . Em janeiro de , o Presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva assinou uma nova lei federal de água e saneamento (Lei /07 para o. 25 set. Four decades later, the enactment of Federal Law of 05/01/, which .. LEONELLI, G. C. V. A construção da lei federal de parcelamento do solo urbano . Institui a Política Nacional de Saneamento e cria. Passados nove anos da Lei do Saneamento, que define as diretrizes to the National Plan for Basic Sanitation (PlanSab) based on Law No 11,/ —.
|Published (Last):||14 August 2010|
|PDF File Size:||9.93 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||5.84 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
In addition, it was necessary to differentiate the value of zero, to not arrive at a geometric value of zero, by considering the value closest to zero.
Step 3 is based on exploratory factor analysis FA to determine the structure of the relationships between the variables Corrar, Paulo and Dias Filho, In this sense, different weights were not attributed due to theoretical importance; equal weights were considered for all of the factors.
The criteria for the extraction of the number of factors was the latent root, with only eigenvalues greater than 1 being considered significant, which resulted in three factors or latent dimensions: The objectives of the FA were: Even though the indicators make decision making possible, this study has not sought to evaluate the impact of the program or sanitation policy.
Saneamento no Brasil
Increasing international initiatives employ composite indicators to measure the performance of cities, compare them and use them to influence national and international political discussions.
Adapted from Giovannini and collaborators and Meijering, Kern and Tobi In Brazil there are roughly 3. International Journal of Sociology and Anthropologyv.
This is an estimate, because an attribute cannot always be measured by just one indicator. By monitoring sanitation in the municipalities, public administration can plan specific actions, establish performance and quality metrics, and orient public policies. The concept of adequate sanitation was also defined through a thematic content analysis of the principles of the Sanitation Law, which have been grouped by these themes, forming the attributes of box 2.
In general, the MBSI values for municipalities are very close to each other. The degree to which the results can be generalized was tested by dividing the sample randomly into two sub-samples and the results of the Varimax rotation loads, the commonalities, and the factor structure proved to be stable, because there was no representative load of the variable in other factors.
To accomplish this, we used 83 metric variables, and 9 dichotomic variables related to urban drainage which has a scarcity of data. R2 — Urban population served by the household collection service inhabitants. For the municipality groupings, we have adopted the city typology as suggested saneamfnto Meijering, Kern and Tobiavoiding the comparison of municipalities that have different characteristics.
14145 The normalization was performed based on taking the lowest factor score and summing the other values. In terms of its contributions, this study offers: Since this is an explanatory study, our application focuses on a group of municipalities to evaluate the possibility of this type of usage.
August 19, ; Accepted: The second form of analysis is the value of each of the factors.
What these three rankings have in common is that they are based on indicators or indices that are applied to cities and that range in number from 12 to Overall it follows a standard structure: Practical Perspectives Sanitation indicators: Sanitation indicators Within the international context, there is a growing utilization of performance indicators in the sanitation sector to monitor the providing of, regulation of, and planning of these services Sperling and Sperling, There is also a sanitation ranking initiative that has been undertaken by the government of Saneamenfo.
In this sense, it seeks to represent these municipalities by typology in a table format for the initial interpretation by placing each municipality within the group that dd belongs to. This study demonstrates the need for data to evaluate sanitation in a complete dee, considering the concept of adequate sanitation.
Table 2 shows the quantities of the state municipalities and their respective typologies as well as those of the sample.
Saneamento no Brasil – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
Elaborated by the authors. Secretaria do Meio Ambiente. Ecological Indicatorsv. Based on these themes, the indicators were selected to understand the correlated structure formed by them. Introduction In Brazil there are roughly 3.