PDF | The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa is a book written by Sir Fredrick Lugard (the first colonial Governor General of Nigeria). It forms or constructs. Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard GCMG, CB, DSO, PC (22 January – 11 April ), known as Sir Frederick Lugard . Lugard’s The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa was published in and discussed indirect. Born to an English family in India in , Frederick Lugard rose to His The Dual Mandate, first published in , became a handbook for all.

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As we can see from the composition of the chapter below from the bookit involves a lot of representations and classifications: Such collocationary pairs may have cognitive ideological impacts. Mental models are thus constructed about what a subaltern mandage and what they need and these models reinforce meaning and meanings gradually turn into established beliefs van Dijk This discourse would sync well with the paternalistic posture of the mandaet.

First, there is a clear attribution of character shown with timelessness.

In the analysis, the black is clearly objectified, but the tools of this objectification are shown to be faultless through the manipulation of language. Cognitive priming helps in the formation of language into beliefs and knowledge. In particular “our African dependencies” occurs six times. Continuity was vital msndate Africans trusted foreigners reluctantly. All these connote childlike tendencies and a lack of maturity and responsibility.

In the southwest among the Yoruba, it encountered some problems and was less successful. In the examples below, we can see the ethnographic simple present in action.

The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa, by Frederick John Dealtry Lugard (1965)

In local governance, they utilized an effective system of taxation and a judicial system based on Islamic lawthe Sharia. Individuals will carry a load of Ibs. Indirect rule was thus less successful here. In any normal distribution, 68 per cent of the observations fall within one standard deviation of the mean. Decentralization and continuity could only be achieved if cooperation existed within the administrative chains, especially between the provincial staff and local rulers. The Lugardian gaze and its construction has built up such important aspects of the chapter as discussed in sub- units as the following: Generally speaking this repression can take two forms: The subaltern thus gains their humanity by the physical not the intellectual.


A Mahdi rebellion in at the Satirua village near Tbe, resulted in the total destruction of the town and huge numbers of casualties. History and Theory, 24 3 Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Language, ideology, and point of view.

What does it mean for instance to call someone a ‘savage’? This view is also maintained by Taiwo as mentioned in the introduction. How colonialism preempted modernity in Africa. The ‘pure negro’ as Lugard calls them appear to be primitive and underdeveloped and the instances of organization and skills exhibited are from those cultures that intermarry and produce a race. Said lird, 9 argues that neither imperialism nor colonialism is a simple act of accumulation and acquisition.

Full text of “The dual mandate in British tropical Africa”

The humanity of the ‘native’ is denied. While administering Uganda, he journeyed round the Rwenzori Mountains to Lake Edward mandae, mapping a large area of the country. And how do all these relate to an over-arching ideology of colonial conquest? Similarly, Taiwo sees even the educated Africans deferring to the whites and acceding to their superiority.

Fetishisization of the subaltern Hill argues that fetishism involves displacement. They are products of a particular ideological construction; a construction that creates roles and responsibilities and that forms a default mansate.


There were no children from the marriage. The heroism of the people of Satiru is made to be supplanted by rebellion, their patriotic resistance by impudent recalcitrance.

Dual Mandate, Africa

InLugard was dispatched by the Royal Niger Company to Borguwhere he secured treaties with the kings and chiefs who acknowledged the sovereignty of the British company, while reducing the influence of other colonial powers. He is construed in terms of spatial and temporal distance.

Readings in critical discourse analysis. However, there are other forms of othering that are more obvious and manifest especially with the use of prenominal modifiers. In the African Lakes Company set up a base in Karonga to exchange ivory for trade goods from these Swahili merchants.

These chiefs would lose their political autonomy and become subordinated to the authority of colonial administrative agents such as the resident or the district officer. The name ‘Dealtry’ was in honour of Thomas Dealtrya friend of his father. Apart from the absence of modality mentioned above, the ethnographic simple present tense lends itself to making constructions that freeze societies and contain assumptions that make objects and their attributes repetitive, predictable, timeless and conservative Fabian The colonial discourse or narrative, as discussed in the introduction, has apparently gained traction on the minds of not only the oppressed people in Africa but the educated ones.

There is no African history. It forms or constructs the theoretical justification of the colonial occupation of Africa and argues about ways for its effective political control.