Mohwa is one of the most important of Indian forest trees, not because it may possess valuable timber – and it is hardly ever cut for this purpose. Mahua is a common name used for Madhuca longifolia, it belongs to the family Sapotaceae. It is an important economic tree growing throughout India. Mahua is . Trees, to 20 m high, bark grey, cm thick, vertically cracked, exfoliating in thin scales; blaze reddish-brown or dark red; exudation milky. Leaves simple.

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Madhuca longifolia – Wikipedia

In the search for new oil plants for nutritional, pharmaceutical and industrial uses, it is necessary to see that it provides a large quantity of oil or fat Lawson ; Ramadan and Moersel ; Yadav et al. Non-wood forest products in 15 countries of tropical Asia: Guidelines Upcoming Special Issues. Several mahua products are used to feed livestock. Sterol is positive in ether, acetone and methanol extract whereas lipid was found to be positive in aqueous, ether and methanolic extracts.

Defatted mahua seed cake reduced total gas production in comparison to control. Madhuca Flora of the Indian subcontinent Non-timber forest products. Related observations Show all. Flowers are borne on green or pink, furry bunches, each bunch consisting of 12 fragrant cream-coloured flowers.


India Biodiversity Portal

Madhuca longifolia flowers seasonally and produces green-fleshy fruits containing three to four seeds. On the basis of review of literature it concluded that mahua Madhuca longifolia is a highly nutritious tree with lots of ethnomedical properties like antibacterial, anticancer, hepatoprotective, antihyperglycemic, analgesic activities etc.

Though not a legume, mahua develops mycorrhizal associations able to fix atmospheric N. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted.

The peroxide value 0.

Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Mahuca. Indeed, in a two-year experiment on growing calves, mahua seed cake did not affect growth.

This review reported on composition, nutritional value, functional properties as well as food and non-food applications longifollia mahua lipids. The oral LD50 in mice of crude Madhuca saponins was about 1.

The higher antiradical potential of mahua butter indicates that mahua butter is a potent source of antioxidant compounds which will reflect on its oxidative stability and its nutritional longifoliz.

LPS laboratory processed samples showed no change in biochemical constituents throughout the year and NPS normally practiced samples were distinct for deterioration of the tested components Table 2.

Anand, Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

Madhuca longifolia

Stalk cm, reddish. This drink is also known to affect the animals.

This shows that there could be considerable amount of palmitic and steric acids migrating into the solid phase during crystallization. The buttercup fruit-seeds, generally ellipsoidally shaped Fig. The composition of mahua spent flowers shows considerable variation: The flower has an antibacterial activity against the Escherichia coli and resist against rice pest disease [ 18 ].


Can’t read the image? It is not frost-hardy [ 7 ]. Oil produced in smallholder farms is of low quality and is mainly used as a ghee substitute or adulterant Fern, However, Tamil tradition cautions that excessive use of this flower will result in imbalance of thinking and may even lead to lunacy. Its fatty acid profile showed closer comparison to that of Malaysian cocoa butter with regard to the proportion of palmitic and oleic acids, but did not show much comparison to that of commercial palm stearine Lipp and Ankalam The study of fatty acid profile of mahua butter has shown that it has palmitc acid Pstearic acid Soleic acid O and linoleic acid L as the main fatty acids.

The SMP of commercial stearines were found to range from 44 to Thus, it may have some resistance to clouding effect, particularly, if its intended use is as cooking oil for temperate climatic regions Marikkar et al.